due to an abnormal tear in the skin and lining
tissue surrounding the anus. It is caused by
over-stretching of the anus due to constipation.
It causes a sharp, stabbing pain and bleeding on
passing stool with the pain possibly persisting
for some time and then subsiding.
and inflamed veins around the lower end of the
bowel, situated in the wall of the anus, are
called haemorrhoids or piles. Piles are commonly caused by
constipation and straining when passing stools,
especially in middle-aged and elderly persons.
It is common in pregnancy. It can occur in
persons with liver disease and heart disorders.
Symptoms include bleeding, pain, itching, and
the distended vein may be felt as a lump.